When I was told David Handley had a special fascination for Czechs I thought this referred to the ones he receives from sponsors, but the reference is to his youthful experiences in Prague where he first got the idea for a big sculpture show. Of the 12 Czech and Slovak artists in this year’s SXS, the two whose works refer most pointedly to the revolutionary movements are Vaclav Fiala’s Tower for Jan Palach, and David Cerny’s Pinktank Wrecked.
Jan Palach was a 20-year-old student who burned himself to death in Wenceslas Square in 1969 when the Russians suppressed the Prague Spring uprising. Fiala’s Tower is a striking metal construction in yellow and black which suggests, in the starkest of abstractions, a wisp of black smoke shooting upwards from the flames.
David Černy is known for a notorious artistic intervention of 1991 when he painted a public sculpture of a Russian tank bright pink. For SXS he has produced a full-sized variation on the pink tank made from flat interlocking metal sheets. It’s one of the most eye-catching works in Marks Park.
The second special component of this year’s show is called Succah by the Sea, which relates to the Jewish holiday called Succot. One of the ways the holiday is celebrated is by taking up temporary residence in a structure based on the dwellings of the Israelites during their years of wandering. Six of these “succahs” have been designed by six local architecture firms. They form a makeshift village in the centre of Marks Park, emphasising the close ties between sculpture and architecture.
Each succah has its own character. Lucy Humphrey has attended closely to the temporary nature of such structures with an elegant pavilion of wooden poles, while Rafaello Rosselli has made a structure from large blocks of sandstone and wood. I wouldn’t like to be tying Rosselli’s succah onto the donkey’s back when it was time to move on.
The succah may have its origins in Jewish tradition but it addresses the plight of homeless people and refugees the world over. It’s a simple idea that allows for infinite variations of form and meaning.
Aside from these two sections the 2019 show is business as usual, with many familiar contributors and a host of newcomers. It’s no surprise that the Chinese and Japanese artists make a strong impression. Kaifeng Wang’s The Statue of Mad Liberty – a twisted, golden version of that great American symbol – is emerging as a major selfie magnet. Its extravagance is answered by the subtlety of Shen Lieyi’s Rain, which features ripples of water expertly carved into the top of a hunk of granite.
One of the most successful of this year’s debutants is Joel Adler, whose Viewfinder uses mirrors to capture an image of the waves, framed by an overgrown, severely geometrical steel drainpipe. Lots of ‘ooh’ and ‘ah’ noises were coming from viewers bunched together in front of this work.
Among the regulars, Japanese stone-carver, Keizo Ushio is celebrating his 20th appearance in SXS. Ushio’s curved, sinuous sculptures give the impression that he is able to twist a piece of granite in the way that others bend clay. What emerges is a work of great elemental power that encompasses the wind, surf and landscape in a single, frozen gesture.
This year’s $70,000 Aqualand Sculpture Award went to New Zealand sculptor, Morgan Jones, for an elegant metal work called The Sun Also Rises, on the beach at Tamarama. The 2017 winner, David Ball, can’t have been far behind with a piece called Celest, featuring a curved disc of metal suspended on five narrow poles.
In Marks Park I thought James Rogers’ Baptismos was an obvious stand-out, although by now those imposing folds of rising and falling metal are a familiar trademark. Dave Horton has tried something different but it’ll take me a little while to adjust to his new blue look. A drenching shade of cobalt tends to conceal the details in this large, three-part work. That’s all very well if you wish to invoke a mysterious void, like Anish Kapoor, but it felt contrary to the characteristic clarity of Horton’s work.
Ultimately the only mystery that lingers with this year’s show is the immediate future of the event. Has SXS fallen out of love with Bondi after 23 years? It would be a risky tactic to break up the marriage and go elsewhere because it might be the same sea but it wouldn’t be the same exhibition.
Sculpture by the Sea is at Bondi to Tamarama until November 10.